Duncan MacDuff III, 11th Earl of Fife

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Duncan MacDuff III
11th Earl of Fife
Chief of Clan MacDuff
Duff Ancient.png
Coat of Arms Associated with House MacDuff
Hereditary
PredecessorColban MacDuff, 10th Earl of Fife
SuccessorDuncan MacDuff IV, 12th Earl of Fife
HusbandJoan de Clare
Noble familyHouse MacDuff
FatherColban MacDuff, 10th Earl of Fife
MotherAnna Durward
Born1262
Fife, Fifeshire, Kingdom of Scotland
Died1288
Pitpullock near Brechin, Angushire, Kingdom of Scotland
BuriedKingdom of Scotland
ReligionCatholic
OccupationScottish Nobility

Duncan MacDuff III, 11th Earl of Fife (1262-1288), was the son of Colban MacDuff, 10th Earl of Fife (1246-1270) by his wife Anna Durward. He married Joan de Clare, daughter of Gilbert de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford (1243-1295) by his wife Alice de Lusignan and had one son by that marriage. He was eventually murdered by his own Clansmen when he was only 26 years of age.

Life

Duncan MacDuff III, 11th Earl of Fife was a cruel and mean man and in 1288 when the children were toddlers he was murdered by his own Clansmen. Leaving her young brother Duncan now the new heir to the Earldom of Fife because their mother was English young Duncan became award of the English Court and that is where he was raised. Isabella MacDuff had strong patriotic feelings for Scotland. Her mother remarried Sir Gervase Avenel, Knight who gave his loyalty to Robert de Bruce, 7th Lord of Annadale. The MacDuff Clan held a hereditary right to crown the Kings of Scotland. The Earl of Fife or Mormaer of Fife was the ruler of the province of Fife in medieval Scotland, which encompassed the modern counties of Fife and Kinross. Due to their royal ancestry, the Earls of Fife were the highest ranking nobles in the realm, and had the right to crown the King of Scots. The Earl of Fife or Mormaer of Fife was the ruler of the province of Fife in medieval Scotland, which encompassed the modern counties of Fife and Kinross. Due to their royal ancestry, the Earls of Fife were the highest ranking nobles in the Kingdom of Scotland.

Chief of Clan Macduff

The deputy or complementary position to mormaer or earl of Fife was leadership as Chief (ceann) of Clan MacDuff (clann meic Duibh). There is little doubt that the style MacDuib, or Macduff, derives from the name of King Cináed III mac Duib, and ultimately from this man's father, King Dub (d. 966).[1] Compare, for instance, that Domhnall, Lord of the Isles, signed a charter in 1408 as MacDomhnaill. The descendants of Cináed III adopted the name in the same way that the descendants of Brian Bóruma mac Cennétig called themselves Uí Briain, although it does seem that at least initially MacDuff was a style reserved for the man who held the Mormaership of Fife. The chieftaincy of the clan was not always held by the mormaer, especially after the mormaerdom became subject to the laws of feudal primogeniture in the reign of Donnchadh I. For example, at the Battle of Falkirk, it is the head of the clan who led the men of Fife, rather than the Mormaer.

Family

Duncan MacDuff III, 11th Earl of Fife married Joan de Clare, daughter of Gilbert de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford (1243-1295) by his wife Alice de Lusignan, and had one son and one daughter by that marriage:

References