Duncan MacDuff III, 11th Earl of Fife
|Duncan MacDuff III|
11th Earl of Fife
Chief of Clan MacDuff
Coat of Arms Associated with House MacDuff
|Predecessor||Colban MacDuff, 10th Earl of Fife|
|Successor||Duncan MacDuff IV, 12th Earl of Fife|
|Husband||Joan de Clare|
|Noble family||House MacDuff|
|Father||Colban MacDuff, 10th Earl of Fife|
Fife, Fifeshire, Kingdom of Scotland
Pitpullock near Brechin, Angushire, Kingdom of Scotland
|Buried||Kingdom of Scotland|
Duncan MacDuff III, 11th Earl of Fife (1262-1288), was the son of Colban MacDuff, 10th Earl of Fife (1246-1270) by his wife Anna Durward. He married Joan de Clare, daughter of Gilbert de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford (1243-1295) by his wife Alice de Lusignan and had one son by that marriage. He was eventually murdered by his own Clansmen when he was only 26 years of age.
Duncan MacDuff III, 11th Earl of Fife was a cruel and mean man and in 1288 when the children were toddlers he was murdered by his own Clansmen. Leaving her young brother Duncan now the new heir to the Earldom of Fife because their mother was English young Duncan became award of the English Court and that is where he was raised. Isabella MacDuff had strong patriotic feelings for Scotland. Her mother remarried Sir Gervase Avenel, Knight who gave his loyalty to Robert de Bruce, 7th Lord of Annadale. The MacDuff Clan held a hereditary right to crown the Kings of Scotland. The Earl of Fife or Mormaer of Fife was the ruler of the province of Fife in medieval Scotland, which encompassed the modern counties of Fife and Kinross. Due to their royal ancestry, the Earls of Fife were the highest ranking nobles in the realm, and had the right to crown the King of Scots. The Earl of Fife or Mormaer of Fife was the ruler of the province of Fife in medieval Scotland, which encompassed the modern counties of Fife and Kinross. Due to their royal ancestry, the Earls of Fife were the highest ranking nobles in the Kingdom of Scotland.
Chief of Clan Macduff
The deputy or complementary position to mormaer or earl of Fife was leadership as Chief (ceann) of Clan MacDuff (clann meic Duibh). There is little doubt that the style MacDuib, or Macduff, derives from the name of King Cináed III mac Duib, and ultimately from this man's father, King Dub (d. 966). Compare, for instance, that Domhnall, Lord of the Isles, signed a charter in 1408 as MacDomhnaill. The descendants of Cináed III adopted the name in the same way that the descendants of Brian Bóruma mac Cennétig called themselves Uí Briain, although it does seem that at least initially MacDuff was a style reserved for the man who held the Mormaership of Fife. The chieftaincy of the clan was not always held by the mormaer, especially after the mormaerdom became subject to the laws of feudal primogeniture in the reign of Donnchadh I. For example, at the Battle of Falkirk, it is the head of the clan who led the men of Fife, rather than the Mormaer.
Duncan MacDuff III, 11th Earl of Fife married Joan de Clare, daughter of Gilbert de Clare, 6th Earl of Hertford (1243-1295) by his wife Alice de Lusignan, and had one son and one daughter by that marriage:
- Isabella Macduff, Countess of Buchan (1270-1314); married John Comyn, 3rd Earl of Buchan (1259-1308)
- Duncan MacDuff IV, 12th Earl of Fife (1288-1353) Heir; married Mary de Monthermer (1297-1371). His daughter became the Sou Jure 13th Countess of Fife.