Sophia Dorothea Schleswig-Holstein-Glücksburg
|Sophia Dorothea Schleswig-Holstein-Glücksburg|
Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg
Grand Electress of Brandenburg
Portrait by Jacques Vaillant, 1682
|Born||28 September 1639|
Glücksburg Castle, Schleswig-Flensburg, Duchy of Schleswig
|Died||06 August 1689|
Karlovy Vary, Holy Roman Empire
|Spouse||1st Christian Louis, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg|
2nd Frederick Wilhelm Brandenburg, Grand Elector of Brandenburg
|Father||Philip Schleswig-Holstein-Glücksburg, 1st Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Glücksburg|
|Mother||Sophia Hedwig of Saxe-Lauenburg|
Sophia Dorothea Schleswig-Holstein-Glücksburg (28 September 1636 – 6 August 1689), was the daugher of Philip Schleswig-Holstein-Glücksburg, 1st Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Glücksburg (1584-1663) by his wife Sofia Hedwig of Saxe-Lauenburg. She married twice and had seven children by those marriages. She was the Duchess consort of Brunswick-Lüneburg by marriage to Christian Louis, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, and the Electress of Brandenburg by her second marriage to Frederick Wilhelm Brandenburg, Grand Elector of Brandenburg (1620-1688) who was a Prussian Prince.
Dorothea was born in at the seat of her family in Glücksburg Castle. SHe was a member of the House of Glücksburg which is abbreviated from the long version of Scheswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg. This Royal House is a Dano-German branch of the House of Oldenburg, members of which have reigned at various times in Denmark, Norway, Greece and several northern German states. Her Majesty, Queen Margrethe II of Denmark, King Harald V of Norway, King Constantine II of Greece, Queen Sofía of Spain and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh are patrilineal members of cadet branches of the Glücksburg dynasty. She was the great grand daughter of King Christian III of Denmark, but her parents were of much lower rank in the Monarchical heiracrachy. She was the sister of Auguste of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg and would marry into the Brandenburg Princes family by her second marriage.
Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg
In 1653, Dorothea married Christian Louis, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, brother-in-law of King Frederick III of Denmark. The marriage was childless and in 1665 her first spouse died so she moved into Herzberg Castle where she remained for quite some time until she married a second time.
Electress of Brandenburg
On 14 June 1668, she married again, this time to Frederick Wilhelm Brandenburg, Grand Elector of Brandenburg. In 1670, she purchased Brandenburg-Schwedt and other fiefs for her sons. In 1676, she became the commander of her own regiment, and in 1678 and 1692 equipped two fleets for the Brandenburg state.
From her second marriage, Dorothea had the following children:
- Philip William (1669–1711),
- Marie Amalie of Brandenburg (1670–1739); married (1st) Charles of Mecklenburg-Güstrow and (2nd) Maurice William, Duke of Saxe-Zeitz
- Albert Frederick (1672–1731),
- Charles Philip (1673–1695),
- Elisabeth Sofie (1674–1748), who married Christian Ernst of Brandenburg-Bayreuth (6 August 1644 - 20 May 1712) on 30 March 1703.
- Dorothea (1675–1676),
- Christian Ludwig (1677–1734), recipient of Bach's Brandenburg Concertos.
- Biographie, Deutsche. "Dorothea - Deutsche Biographie". www.deutsche-biographie.de (in Deutsch). Retrieved 2018-08-02.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>