Difference between revisions of "Natalie de Clare, 4th Countess of Markland, DGK"

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{{Infobox noble
 
{{Infobox noble
 
| name          = Natalie de Clare<br/>4th Countess of Markland, DGK
 
| name          = Natalie de Clare<br/>4th Countess of Markland, DGK
|image          = File:1513967 654730267991904 6937792005936504125 n.jpg
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|image          = Imageedit 7 4548954341.jpg
|image_size    = 200px
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|image_size    = 250px
 
|caption        = Lady Markland
 
|caption        = Lady Markland
 
| succession    = Hereditary
 
| succession    = Hereditary
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| reign        = 1975-Present
 
| reign        = 1975-Present
 
| reign-type    = Grevinde af Markland
 
| reign-type    = Grevinde af Markland
| successor    = [[Zackery de Clare]]
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| successor    = [[Zackery de Clare, Squire|Zackery de Clare]]
 
| suc-type      = Son
 
| suc-type      = Son
 
| native_lang1  = Danish
 
| native_lang1  = Danish
| issue        = [[Zackery de Clare]]
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| spouse        = [[Dame Isabella Krivulka, DMOSA|Isabella Krivulka]]
| titles        = Countess<br/>Dame
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| spouse-type  = Partner
 +
| issue        = [[Zackery de Clare, Squire|Zackery de Clare]]<br>[[Cerrina de Clare]]
 +
| titles        =  
 
| noble family  = [[House de Clare]]
 
| noble family  = [[House de Clare]]
| house-type    = Nobility
+
|father        = [[Sir Gale Allen Foster, KBSD|Gale Allen Foster]]
|father        = [[Sir Gale Allen Foster, KSD|Gale Allen Foster]]
 
 
|mother        = [[Linda Jean Whiteaker, 4th Baroness Graves, DSMA|Linda Jean Whiteaker]]
 
|mother        = [[Linda Jean Whiteaker, 4th Baroness Graves, DSMA|Linda Jean Whiteaker]]
 
| birth_date    = 07 November 1975
 
| birth_date    = 07 November 1975
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| occupation    = '''European Nobility'''
 
| occupation    = '''European Nobility'''
 
}}
 
}}
'''Natalie de Clare, 4th Countess of Markland, DGK''' ''(Danish: Grevinde af Markland; Romanian: Contesa de Markland; Hungarian: Markland nak Grófnéja)'' (''07 November 1975 - Present Day''), is a present-day noblewoman whose home is the [[Kingdom of Denmark]].<ref name="De Clare">De Clare, N. (2017). A day in the life of me: A transsexual woman's struggle to be herself. College Station, TX: Virtual Book Worm. ISBN 978-0-692-28382-0</ref><ref name="De Clare 3">Official Website of the Countess of Markland (2017). About me. Retrieved from: http://www.grevindeafmarkland.dk</ref> She has dozens of lineages tracing back to the historic Norman [[House de Clare]] that were highly influential [[England]], [[Ireland]], and the [[Welsh Marches]] up to the late 14th century.<ref name="Richardson">Richardson, D. (2011). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families (2nd ed.).  Seattle, WA: Createspace. ISBN: 9781461045205.</ref><ref name="Altschul">Altschul, A. (2004). A Baronial Family in Medieval England: The Clares, 1217–1314. Baltimore, MA: The Johns Hopkins Press. ISBN 978-0-404-61349-5</ref> Her Irish ancestry traces back to [[House Bulter]] and the [[Earls of Ormond]] as well as the [[Princes of Éile]] and various other Irish Barons. She is related to 9 of the 25 Barons who signed the [[Magna Carta]] in 1215. Interestingly, like many people in her family, she does not have a middle name.
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'''Natalie de Clare, 4th Countess of Markland, DGK''' ''(Danish: Grevinde af Markland; Romanian: Contesa de Markland; Hungarian: Markland nak Grófnéja: Bulgarian: КАУНТЕС ЪФ МАРКЛЕНД)'' (''07 November 1975 - Present Day''), is a present-day noblewoman who spends time in a variety of countries in Europe.<ref name="De Clare">De Clare, N. (2017). A day in the life of me: A transsexual woman's struggle to be herself. College Station, TX: Virtual Book Worm. ISBN 978-0-692-28382-0</ref><ref name="De Clare 3">Official Website of the Countess of Markland (2017). About me. Retrieved from: http://www.grevindeafmarkland.dk</ref> She has dozens of lineages tracing back to the historic Norman [[House de Clare]] that were highly influential [[England]], [[Ireland]], and the [[Welsh Marches]] up to the late 14th century.<ref name="Richardson">Richardson, D. (2011). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families (2nd ed.).  Seattle, WA: Createspace. ISBN: 9781461045205.</ref><ref name="Altschul">Altschul, A. (2004). A Baronial Family in Medieval England: The Clares, 1217–1314. Baltimore, MA: The Johns Hopkins Press. ISBN 978-0-404-61349-5</ref> Her Irish ancestry traces back to [[House Bulter]] and the [[Earls of Ormond]] as well as the [[Princes of Éile]] and various other Irish Barons. Her last Irish ancestor left the Emerald Isle in 1836 and headed to West Bengal India. She is related to 9 of the 25 Barons who signed the [[Magna Carta]] in 1215. Interestingly, like many people in her family, she does not have a middle name.
  
 
= Armorial Bearings =
 
= Armorial Bearings =
[[File:Lady_Markland's_Armorial_Bearings.jpg|thumb|175px|left|Lady Markland's Armorial Bearings as granted by the [[South African Bureau of Heraldry]] (H4/3/4/1018)<ref name="SABH">South Africa National Gazette. Government Notice No. 691, National Gazettes, No. 40058. Retrieved from: https://www.greengazette.co.za/notices/heraldry-act-18-1962-application-for-registration-of-heraldic-representations-and-objections-thereto_20160610-GGN-40058-00691-01.pdf</ref><ref name="SABHNN">South Africa National Gazette. No. 40610, Vol. 620. Retrieved from: https://www.greengazette.co.za/notices/heraldry-act-18-1962-registration-of-heraldic-representations_20170210-GGN-40610-00106-02</ref><ref name="SHS">Societas Heraldica Scandinavia. Natalie de Clare. Retrieved from:http://heraldik.org/vabenrulle/de-clare/</ref>]][[File:De Clare Banner.jpg|thumb|left|175px|The Banner of Arms of Natalie de Clare, 4th Countess of Markland, DGK]]
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[[Image:Lady_Markland's_Armorial_Bearings.jpg|thumb|left|175px |link=Natalie de Clare's Armorial Bearings|alt=Alt text |Lady Markland's Armorial Bearings as granted by the [[South African Bureau of Heraldry]] (H4/3/4/1018)<ref name="SABH">South Africa National Gazette. Government Notice No. 691, National Gazettes, No. 40058. Retrieved from: https://www.greengazette.co.za/notices/heraldry-act-18-1962-application-for-registration-of-heraldic-representations-and-objections-thereto_20160610-GGN-40058-00691-01.pdf</ref><ref name="SABHNN">South Africa National Gazette. No. 40610, Vol. 620. Retrieved from: https://www.greengazette.co.za/notices/heraldry-act-18-1962-registration-of-heraldic-representations_20170210-GGN-40610-00106-02</ref><ref name="SHS">Societas Heraldica Scandinavia. Natalie de Clare. Retrieved from:http://heraldik.org/vabenrulle/de-clare/</ref>]][[Image:De Clare Banner.jpg|thumb|left|175px |link=Natalie de Clare's Armorial Bearings|alt=Alt text |Lady Markland's Banner of Arms.]]
 
Armorial bearings are also known colloquially as a [[Coat of Arms]]. They are the principal part of a system of hereditary symbols dating back to early medieval Europe, used primarily to establish identity in battle.<ref name="Woodstock"/><ref name="Fox"/>They are still used today by royalty, nobility and knights to cover, protect, and identify the wearer; to denote their decedents, property ownership and their profession.<ref name="Woodstock">Woodcock, T., & Robinson, J. M. (1988). The Oxford guide to heraldry (Vol. 116). Oxford University Press.</ref><ref name="Fox"> Fox-Davies, A. C. (2007). A complete guide to heraldry. Skyhorse Publishing Inc.</ref> Armorial Bearings belong to specific individuals not families as there is no such thing as a family Coat of Arms or a family crest. <ref name="college of arms">College of Arms (2015) The United Kingdom College of Arms. Retrieved from http://www.college-of-arms.gov.uk/</ref><ref name="Lord Lyon">The Court of the Lord Lyon of Scotland (2015). About Coats of Arms. Retrieved from http://www.lyon-court.com/lordlyon/216.181.html</ref>  
 
Armorial bearings are also known colloquially as a [[Coat of Arms]]. They are the principal part of a system of hereditary symbols dating back to early medieval Europe, used primarily to establish identity in battle.<ref name="Woodstock"/><ref name="Fox"/>They are still used today by royalty, nobility and knights to cover, protect, and identify the wearer; to denote their decedents, property ownership and their profession.<ref name="Woodstock">Woodcock, T., & Robinson, J. M. (1988). The Oxford guide to heraldry (Vol. 116). Oxford University Press.</ref><ref name="Fox"> Fox-Davies, A. C. (2007). A complete guide to heraldry. Skyhorse Publishing Inc.</ref> Armorial Bearings belong to specific individuals not families as there is no such thing as a family Coat of Arms or a family crest. <ref name="college of arms">College of Arms (2015) The United Kingdom College of Arms. Retrieved from http://www.college-of-arms.gov.uk/</ref><ref name="Lord Lyon">The Court of the Lord Lyon of Scotland (2015). About Coats of Arms. Retrieved from http://www.lyon-court.com/lordlyon/216.181.html</ref>  
  
Lady Markland's Armorial Bearings were devised to make use of elements of the Armorial Bearings of her [[House de Clare|de Clare]] ancestors, the historical [[Lordship of Glamorgan]] and those from the [[Counts of Perche]]. Her Armorial Bearings were granted by the [[South African Bureau of Heraldry]] and she has petitioned the [[Chief Herald of Ireland]] for a confirmation - they are not assumed Armorial Bearings or [[Burgher Arms]].The arms of burghers bore a far wider variety of charges than the arms of nobility like everyday objects such as tools.<ref name="SABH"/> Lady Markland's Armorial Bearings are registered in a couple of heraldic rolls, but that is to create a digital record for generations to come.
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Lady Markland's Armorial Bearings were devised to make use of elements of the Armorial Bearings of her [[House de Clare|de Clare]] ancestors, the historical [[Lordship of Glamorgan]] and those from the [[Counts of Perche]]. Her Armorial Bearings were granted by the [[South African Bureau of Heraldry]] and she has petitioned the [[Chief Herald of Ireland]] for a confirmation - they are not assumed Armorial Bearings or [[Burgher Arms]].The arms of burghers bore a far wider variety of charges than the arms of nobility like everyday objects such as tools.<ref name="SABH"/> Lady Markland's Armorial Bearings are registered in a few heraldic rolls, but that is to create a digital record for generations to come.
  
 
= Education =
 
= Education =
[[File:Lady Markland Harp.jpg|thumb|275px|right|Lady Markland and her Celtic Harp during Winter 2017]]
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[[File:Marchbrae artpewter clancrestbadgemacduff 1455123805MacDuff.jpg|thumb|right|265px|The [[Clan MacDuff]] Crest Badge. Motto: Deus juvat - "God assists". Badge: A lion rampant, holding a dagger in its paw.]]
Natalie de Clare graduated with an Associate of Arts degree in general studies, an Associate of Arts degree in psychology, a Bachelor of Arts degree in criminal justice, a Bachelor of Arts degree and sociology, and a Master of Arts degree in criminal justice.<ref name="De Clare"/>Her current research interests includes: social norms and informal social control mechanisms; violence and violent death; and behavioral neuroscience<ref name="De Clare"/><ref name="De Clare 3"/>During her time in the United States she was a commissioned [[Notary Public]] for the State of Washington, the State of Idaho, and the State of Oregon.<ref name="Washington">Department of Licensing. State of Washington. Retrived from: https://fortress.wa.gov/dol/dolprod/bpdLicenseQuery/lqsLicenseDetail.aspx?RefID=256785</ref><ref name="Idaho">Secretary of State. State of Idaho. Retrieved from: http://www.sos.idaho.gov/NotarySearch/CurrentDetails.aspx?st=Notary&ncn=67097</ref> She has earned various college certificates in paralegal studies, military leadership, joint warfare, intelligence analysis, terrorism studies, homeland security, European history, and she is an ordained Minister through a non-denominational church in Seattle, Washington. She enjoys working anonymously in a variety of healthcare settings. She also loves to play the Celtic Harp.
 
 
 
= Family Ancestory =
 
[[File:Wappen Mark Brandenburg.png|left|50px|Coat of Arms of the Margraviate of Brandenburg]]
 
[[File:Blason region fr Normandie.svg|right|50px|Coat of Arms of the Duchy of Normandy]]
 
[[File:Hohenzollern Brandenburg.png|left|50px|Coat of Arms of the Princes of Brandenburg]]
 
[[File:Coat of arms of Transylvania.svg|right|50px|Coat of Arms of the Principality of Transylvania]]
 
[[File:O'Carroll.png|left|50px|Coat of Arms of the O'Carroll Princes of Éile]]
 
[[File:House Bulter Armorial Bearings.jpg|right|50px|Coat of Arms of House Bulter]]
 
[[File:Clare County Coat of Arms.png|left|50px|Coat of Arms of County Clare Ireland]]
 
[[File:Arms of Mowbray.svg|right|50px|Coat of Arms of House Mowbray]]
 
[[File:Tårnby Kommune shield.png|left|50px|Coat of Arms of Tarnby Kommune Danmark]]
 
[[File:Armoiries de Haraucourt 1.svg|right|50px|Coat of Arms of House de Burgh]]
 
[[File:CoA Gilbert de Clare.svg|left|50px|Coat of Arms of House de Clare]]
 
[[File:Berkeley arms.svg|right|50px|Coat of Arms of House Berkeley]]
 
[[File:Blason Beaufort bis.svg|left|50px|Coat of Arms of House of MacMurrough]]
 
[[File:Armoiries Lusignan.svg|right|50px|Coat of Arms of House Lusignan]]
 
[[File:Kavanagh.png|left|50px|Coat of Arms of House Kavanaugh]]
 
[[File:Coat of arms of Schleswig.svg|right|50px|Coat of Arms of House Schleswig]]
 
 
 
Lady Markland's family ancestry is a long and interesting tale and virtually all of her ancestors can all be traced back to the Danes from around the 8th century C.E. with one exception tracing to Rognvald Eysteinsson, Jarl of More in Norway during the 9th century. Her English ancestors came from the [[Duchy of Normandy]] during the conquest of England in 1066. A couple centuries thereafter some of her Norman Ancestors went to Ireland in the late 12th century and stayed for hundreds of years thus, allowing her to petition to have her Armorial Bearings confirmed by the [[Chief Herald of Ireland]] in 2017. Lady Markland's genealogical proofs show that she has only one noble lineage that procreated with the Irish inhabitants in the O'Carroll and Kavanaugh lines thus, making her a Cianachta member under the O'Carroll of Éile O'Carroll lineage. This lineage was recognized by the Irish Government on 02 July 2015 as well as the Cianachta Irish Clan on 04 January 2016. The The use or acceptance of titles of nobility in Ireland specifically requires the government's approval pursuant to Article 40.2.2 <ref>{{cite web |archivedate=21 July 2011|archiveurl=//web.archive.org/web/20110721123405/http://www.constitution.ie/reports/ConstitutionofIreland.pdf|url=http://www.constitution.ie/reports/ConstitutionofIreland.pdf |title=Constitution of Ireland Article 40.2.2.|accessdate=23 August 2008 |date= |work= |publisher=Government of Ireland}}</ref>
 
 
 
She is also related the Brandenburg Hohenzollern Princes, who ruled the [[Margraviate of Brandenburg]], through the marriage of her 4th great-grandmother [[Margaret Brandenburg]] (1836-1920) to [[John Lewis Frank]] (1827-1905). This lineage also traces back to Denmark through the marriage of [[Frederick Wilhelm Brandenburg, Grand Elector of Brandenburg]] (1620-1688) and [[Sophia Dorothea Schleswig-Holstein-Glücksburg|Sophia Dorothea Schleswig-Holstein-Glücksburg, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg]] (1636-1689). Family histories are packed with intrigue, conspiracy, scandal and secrets waiting to be discovered and many of Lady Markland's lineages are fraught with these - as in the curious state of the Brandenburg lineage.
 
 
 
Lady Markland is the sixth child of ten children. Her surname is the surname listed on her birth certificate and was given in honor of her de Clare ancestry from Ireland and England. <ref name="De Clare"/><ref name="De Clare 3"/><ref name="NYT">New York Times (2015). Natalie de Clare. New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/projects/storywall/transgender-today/stories/natalie-de-clare</ref> Ethnically she is Danish and English with the vast majority of all her lineages tracing back to Denmark (including her English ancestors).<ref name="De Clare"/><ref name="De Clare 3"/> She has one son, the Right Honorable [[Zackery de Clare]] born 14 December 2004.<ref name="De Clare"/> Her biological father died in 2013 and her mother retired to the state of Washington in the United States.<ref>Ancestry.com. U.S., Social Security Death Index, 1935-2014 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2011. Original data: Social Security Administration. Social Security Death Index, Master File. Social Security Administration.</ref> Intriguingly, the paternal Whiteaker line on her maternal side has a history of nobility and knights stretching back to [[Richard de Whiteaker]] (1300-1380), who was a medieval knight and the Lord of the Manors of Nether Whitacre, Over Whitacre, Elmdon, and Freasley. Interestingly, she was legally adopted by H.H. Gyula IV, Erdély Nagy Hercege, Őrgróf Kárpátia és Tyrol, Pátriárkája Magyarország és Czernowitz (1945-2016) who is recognized by Hungarian and Austrian nobility as one of the Royal lines from this Dacian region including the Imperial Rurikovich Family. In theory there are about 5 different current or former Royal Families who could authorize titles in the general region of what was the Kingdom of Dacia all of which obviously compete with each other's claims.
 
 
 
==Countess of Markland==
 
[[File:Alt-pirineu-2.jpg|thumb|The Markland Region of the Principality of Transylvania bordering the Kingdom of Hungary.]] Natalie de Clare is the Suo Jure 4th Countess of Markland. This title dates back to before the [[Treaty of Versailles]] in late 18th century crown lands of the Habsburg Monarchy in what is now Modern day Romania before the formation of the Kingdom of Romania on 13 March 1881.<ref>Gröndal, B. 1882. Landafræði löguð eptir landafræði Erslevs og samin eptir ýmsum öðrum bókum [Geography adapted from Erslevs geography and by other books], Akureyri: Björn Jónsson.</ref> It is a title issued under the [[Grand Principality of Transylvania]] which was a realm of the Hungarian Crown, ruled by the Habsburg Monarchs of the Kingdom of Hungary. In the 19th century, Markland in Transylvania was the borderland between the Principality of Transylvania and the Kingdom of Hungary.<ref name="Beatrix">Beatrix Haselsberger (2014) Decoding borders. Appreciating
 
border impacts on space and people, Planning Theory & Practice, 15:4, 505-526, DOI:
 
10.1080/14649357.2014.963652</ref> More specifically, it was the neutral/buffer zone under joint control of the Kingdom of Hungary and the Principality of Transylvania respectively, in which different laws applied.<ref name="Beatrix"/> Marklands served a political purpose, such as providing warning of military incursions, and regulating cross-border trade, immigration, and keeping local villages safe from marauders. There was generally a small detachment of the Transylvanian army stationed here.
 
 
 
A Markland was not the same as a feudal Countship because it was tied to thin stretch of border and not a specific region.<ref name="Beatrix"/> It was more like a military occupied check-point. During the first issuance of Markland under the Principality of Transylvania in the early 17th century, Dudley Carleton, 1st Viscount Dorchester (1573-1632) recorded that when he passed through Markland there was thousands of troops assembled by the Transylvanian princes.<ref>Carleton, D., & PHILLIPPS, T. (1841). Sir Dudley Carleton's State Letters, during his Embassy at the Hague, AD 1627. now first edited by TP (Thomas Phillipps.). Typis Medio-Montanis, impressit C. Gilmour.</ref>Today the actual "Markland" between the Principality of Transylvania and the Kingdom of Hungary no longer exists because the Principality ceased to exist in 1867 when it was reunited with Hungary and many of the Transylvanian nobles fled the country. After this union the borders greatly changed and would change again after the formation of the Kingdom of Romania by Prince Karl of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen in 1881. It is worth noting; however, that the title of Count or Countess was also often conferred by the monarch as an honorific title for special services rendered, without a feudal estate (countship, county) being attached, so it was merely a title, with or without a domain name attached to it and those with land generally never changed no matter who ruled the respective state.
 
 
 
==Brief History of Transylvania==
 
[[File:Coat of arms of Moldavia.svg|thumb|left|100px|Coat of Arms of the Principality of Moldavia]]
 
[[File:Coat of arms of Wallachia Voivodship.png|thumb|left|100px|Coat of Arms of the Principality of Wallachia]]
 
[[File:Principality of Transylvania Coat of Arms.png|thumb|175px|Armorial Bearings of the Principality of Translyvania]]Transylvania has been dominated by several different peoples and countries throughout its history.<ref name="Peter">Sugar, P. F. (1993). Southeastern Europe under Ottoman Rule, 1354-1804 (Vol. 5). University of Washington Press.</ref> It was once the nucleus of the Kingdom of Dacia (82 BC–106 AD). In 106 AD the Roman Empire conquered the territory, systematically exploiting its resources. After the Roman legions withdrew in 271 AD, it was overrun by a succession of various tribes, bringing it under the control of the Carpi, Visigoths, Huns, Gepids, Avars and Slavs. From 9th to 11th century Bulgarians ruled Transylvania. The Kingdom of Hungary established a partial control over Transylvania in 1003, when king Stephen I defeated the Prince Gyula.<ref name="Engel> Engel, P. (2001). The realm of St. Stephen: A history of medieval Hungary, 895-1526.</ref><ref name=MSNEncarta>Transylvania, Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia 2008
 
http://encarta.msn.com © 1997–2008 Microsoft Corporation. All Rights Reserved.</ref> Between 1003 and 1526, Transylvania was a voivodeship off and on and part of the Kingdom of Hungary, led by a Voivode appointed by the King of Hungary.After the [[Battle of Mohács]] in 1526, Transylvania became part of the [[Eastern Hungarian Kingdom|Kingdom of János Szapolyai]].<ref>Antonius Wrancius: Expeditionis Solymani in Moldaviam et Transsylvaniam libri duo. De situ Transsylvaniae, Moldaviae et Transalpinae liber tertius.</ref>
 
 
 
Later, in 1570 the kingdom was transformed into the Principality of Transylvania - which was ruled primarily by Calvinist Hungarian princes.<ref name=books.google.com>Paul Lendvai, Ann Major. "The Hungarians: A Thousand Years of Victory in Defeat" C. Hurst & Co. Publishers, 2003, page 146; https://books.google.com/books?id=9yCmAQGTW28C&pg=PA146&dq=diploma+leopoldinum+transylvania&lr=</ref> These times the ethnic composition of Transylvania transformed from an estimated near equal number of the ethnic groups to a Romanian majority - Vasile Lupu estimates their number already more than one-third of the population of Transylvania in a letter addressed to the sultan around 1650.<ref>Sándor Szilágyi: Erdély és az északkeleti háború. Levelek és okiratok Bp. 1890 I. 246-247, 255-256 - Sándor Szilágyi: Transylvania and the northeastern war. Letters and documents Bp. 1890 p. 246-247, 255-256</ref> For most of this period, Transylvania, maintaining its internal autonomy, was under the suzerainty of the Ottoman Empire. The Habsburg Monarchy acquired the territory shortly after the Battle of Vienna in 1683. In 1687, the rulers of Transylvania recognized the suzerainty of the Habsburg emperor Leopold I, and the region was officially attached to the Habsburg Empire.<ref name="britannica_a">{{cite web|url=http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/1459175/Diploma-Leopoldinum |title=Diploma Leopoldinum (Transylvanian history) |publisher=Britannica.com |accessdate=2012-07-30}}</ref> The Habsburgs acknowledged Principality of Transylvania as one of the Lands of the Crown of Saint Stephen, but the territory of principality was administratively separated and subjected to the direct rule of the emperor's governors.<ref name=boundary>{{cite web|title=''International Boundary Study'' - No. 47 – April 15, 1965 - Hungary – Romania (Rumania) Boundary|publisher=US Bureau of Intelligence and Research|url=http://www.law.fsu.edu/library/collection/LimitsinSeas/IBS047.pdf}}</ref> <ref name=britannica.com>{{cite web|url=http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/603323/Transylvania |title=Transylvania (region, Romania) |publisher=Britannica.com |accessdate=2012-07-30}}</ref><ref name="John F. Cadzow 1983, page 79">John F. Cadzow, Andrew Ludanyi, Louis J. Elteto, Transylvania: The Roots of Ethnic Conflict, Kent State University Press, 1983, page 79, https://books.google.com/books?id=fX5pAAAAMAAJ&q=diploma+leopoldinum+transylvania&dq=diploma+leopoldinum+transylvania&lr=&pgis=1</ref>
 
 
 
[[File:Transylvania 02.jpg|thumb|left|275px| The Beautiful Countryside of Transylvania]]In 1699 the Turks legally acknowledged their loss of Transylvania in the Treaty of Karlowitz; however, some anti-Habsburg elements within the principality submitted to the emperor only in the 1711 Peace of Szatmár, and Habsburg control over Principality of Transylvania was consolidated. 54 years later (1765), the [[Grand Principality of Transylvania]] was reintroduced.<ref name=encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com>{{cite web|url=http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Grand+Principality+of+Transylvania |title=Definition of Grand Principality of Transylvania in the Free Online Encyclopedia |publisher=Encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com |accessdate=2012-07-30}}</ref> After the Ausgleich of 1867, the Principality of Transylvania was once again abolished. The territory was then turned into Transleithania, an addition to the newly established Austro-Hungarian Empire.<ref name=MSNEncarta/><ref name="Peter"/> Following defeat in World War I, Austria-Hungary disintegrated. In 1918 Transylvania merged with Romania where it has been ever since. Today the illegitimate Republic of Romania retains control over Transylvania and the Princes of Transylvania live in the Republic of Hungary. The Romanian Royal Family resides part of the time in both Romania and Switzerland.
 
 
 
==Manorial Lordships==
 
 
{{Infobox manner of address
 
{{Infobox manner of address
 
|name        = The Countess of Markland
 
|name        = The Countess of Markland
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|size        = 56px
 
|size        = 56px
 
|caption    = Lady Markland's Shield
 
|caption    = Lady Markland's Shield
|reference  = [[The Countess of Markland]]
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|reference  = [[Countess|The Countess of Markland]]
 
|spoken      = Lady Markland
 
|spoken      = Lady Markland
 
|alternative = My Lady
 
|alternative = My Lady
 
}}
 
}}
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Natalie de Clare graduated with an Associate of Arts degree in general studies, an Associate of Arts degree in psychology, a Bachelor of Arts degree in criminal justice, a Bachelor of Arts degree and sociology, and a Master of Arts degree in criminal justice.<ref name="De Clare"/>Her current research interests includes: social norms and informal social control mechanisms; violence and violent death; and behavioral neuroscience<ref name="De Clare"/><ref name="De Clare 3"/>
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During her time in the United States she was a commissioned [[Notary Public]] for the State of Washington, the State of Missouri, the State of Idaho, and the State of Oregon.<ref name="Washington">Department of Licensing. State of Washington. Retrived from: https://fortress.wa.gov/dol/dolprod/bpdLicenseQuery/lqsLicenseDetail.aspx?RefID=256785</ref><ref name="Idaho">Secretary of State. State of Idaho. Retrieved from: http://www.sos.idaho.gov/NotarySearch/CurrentDetails.aspx?st=Notary&ncn=67097</ref> She has earned various college certificates in paralegal studies, military leadership, joint warfare, intelligence analysis, terrorism studies, homeland security, European history, and she is an ordained Minister through a non-denominational church in Seattle, Washington. She enjoys working anonymously in a variety of healthcare settings. She also loves to play the Celtic Harp.
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=Spelling Variations=
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[[File:Alt-pirineu-2.jpg|thumb|right|265px|The Markland Region of the Principality of Transylvania bordering the Kingdom of Hungary.]]
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[[File:Apuseni.jpg|thumb|right|265px|Cliffs in the Markland Region of the Principality of Transylvania near the border of the Kingdom of Hungary.]]
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The surname Clare was first found in Suffolk where [[Richard Fitz Gilbert, 1st Baron of Clare]] (1030-1091) held no less than ninety-five lordships in Suffolk, all attached to his chief lordship of Clare in the same county. To this family we owe the name of an English town, an Irish county, royal dukedoms (such as Clarence), [[Clare College, Cambridge University|Clare College]], [[Clare Castle]], [[Clare Bridge]], [[Caerphilly Castle]] countless [http://grevindeafmarkland.info/index.php?title=Category:De_Clare_Priories de Clare Priories], and various other villages, buildings, and momuments in Wales, Ireland and England respectively. Prior to the advent standardized dictionaries and the printing press the English language was fraught with surname variations of the same families. Sound was what guided spelling in the Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Spelling variations were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the de Clare family name include Clair, Clare, Clere, O'Clear, O'Clair and others.
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= Family Ancestory =
 +
Lady Markland's family ancestry is a long and interesting tale and virtually all of her ancestors can all be traced back to the Danes from around the 8th century C.E. with one exception tracing to Rognvald Eysteinsson, Jarl of More in Norway during the 9th century. Her English ancestors came from the [[Duchy of Normandy]] during the conquest of England in 1066. A couple centuries thereafter some of her Norman Ancestors went to Ireland in the late 12th century and stayed for hundreds of years thus, allowing her to petition to have her Armorial Bearings confirmed by the [[Chief Herald of Ireland]] in 2017. Lady Markland's genealogical proofs show that she has only one noble lineage that procreated with the Irish inhabitants in the O'Carroll and Kavanaugh lines thus, making her a Cianachta member under the O'Carroll of Éile O'Carroll lineage. This lineage was recognized by the Irish Government on 02 July 2015 as well as the Cianachta Irish Clan on 04 January 2016. The The use or acceptance of titles of nobility in Ireland specifically requires the government's approval pursuant to Article 40.2.2 <ref>{{cite web |archivedate=21 July 2011|archiveurl=//web.archive.org/web/20110721123405/http://www.constitution.ie/reports/ConstitutionofIreland.pdf|url=http://www.constitution.ie/reports/ConstitutionofIreland.pdf |title=Constitution of Ireland Article 40.2.2.|accessdate=23 August 2008 |date= |work= |publisher=Government of Ireland}}</ref> In Scotland her ancestry goes back to [[Clan MacDuff]] upon the marriage of [[Joan de Clare]] (1264-1322) to [[Duncan MacDuff III, 11th Earl of Fife]] (1262-1288).
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 +
===Hohenzollern Princes===
 +
Through another lineage she is related the Brandenburg Hohenzollern Princes, who ruled the [[Margraviate of Brandenburg]], through the marriage of her 4th great-grandmother [[Margaret Brandenburg]] (1836-1920) to [[John Lewis Frank]] (1827-1905). This lineage also traces back to Denmark through the marriage of [[Frederick Wilhelm Brandenburg, Grand Elector of Brandenburg]] (1620-1688) and [[Sophia Dorothea Schleswig-Holstein-Glücksburg|Sophia Dorothea Schleswig-Holstein-Glücksburg, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg]] (1636-1689). Family histories are packed with intrigue, conspiracy, scandal and secrets waiting to be discovered and many of Lady Markland's lineages are fraught with these - as in the curious state of the Brandenburg lineage.
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===Biological Family===
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Lady Markland is the sixth child of ten children. Her surname is the surname listed on her birth certificate and was given in honor of her de Clare ancestry from Ireland and England. <ref name="De Clare"/><ref name="De Clare 3"/><ref name="NYT">New York Times (2015). Natalie de Clare. New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/projects/storywall/transgender-today/stories/natalie-de-clare</ref> Ethnically she is Danish and English with the vast majority of all her lineages tracing back to Denmark (including her English ancestors).<ref name="De Clare"/><ref name="De Clare 3"/> She has one son, [[Zackery de Clare, Squire|Zackery de Clare]] born 14 December 2004 and one daughter, [[Cerrina de Clare]] born 12 August 1999.<ref name="De Clare"/> Her biological father died in 2013 and her mother retired to the state of Washington in the United States.<ref>Ancestry.com. U.S., Social Security Death Index, 1935-2014 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2011. Original data: Social Security Administration. Social Security Death Index, Master File. Social Security Administration.</ref> Intriguingly, the paternal Whiteaker line on her maternal side has a history of nobility and knights stretching back to [[Richard de Whitacre, Lord of the Manor of Nether Whitacre|Richard de Whitacre]] (1300-1380), who was a medieval knight and the Lord of the Manors of Nether Whitacre, Over Whitacre, Elmdon, and Freasley.
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===Adopted Family===
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Interestingly, she was legally adopted by H.H. Gyula IV, Erdély Nagy Hercege, Őrgróf Kárpátia és Tyrol, Pátriárkája Magyarország és Czernowitz (1945-2016) who is recognized by Hungarian and Austrian nobility, and various other Royal Houses, as one of the Royal lines from this Dacian region including the Imperial Rurikovich Family, the House of Savoy, and the the House of Bourbon. In theory there are about 5 different current or former Royal Families who could authorize titles in the general region of what was the Kingdom of Dacia all of which obviously compete with each other's claims.
 +
 +
=Titles and Honours=
 +
Her adopted father granted her the title of 4th Countess of Markland by [[Letters Patent]]. Even though her adopted family is an old Royal Family she is not Royalty, but High Eastern European Nobility. Her title is one that dates back to before the [[Treaty of Versailles]] in late 18th century crown lands of the Habsburg Monarchy in what is now Modern day Romania before the formation of the Kingdom of Romania on 13 March 1881.<ref>Gröndal, B. 1882. Landafræði löguð eptir landafræði Erslevs og samin eptir ýmsum öðrum bókum [Geography adapted from Erslevs geography and by other books], Akureyri: Björn Jónsson.</ref> It is a title issued under the [[Grand Principality of Transylvania]] which was a realm of the Hungarian Crown, ruled by the Habsburg Monarchs of the Kingdom of Hungary. In the 19th century, Markland in Transylvania was the borderland between the Principality of Transylvania and the Kingdom of Hungary.<ref name="Beatrix">Beatrix Haselsberger (2014) Decoding borders. Appreciating border impacts on space and people, Planning Theory & Practice, 15:4, 505-526, DOI:
 +
10.1080/14649357.2014.963652</ref> More specifically, it was the neutral/buffer zone under joint control of the Kingdom of Hungary and the Principality of Transylvania respectively, in which different laws applied.<ref name="Beatrix"/> Marklands served a political purpose, such as providing warning of military incursions, and regulating cross-border trade, immigration, and keeping local villages safe from marauders. There was generally a small detachment of the Transylvanian army stationed here. It was more like a military occupied check-point. During the first issuance of Markland under the Principality of Transylvania in the early 17th century, Dudley Carleton, 1st Viscount Dorchester (1573-1632) recorded that when he passed through Markland there was thousands of troops assembled by the Transylvanian princes.<ref>Carleton, D., & PHILLIPPS, T. (1841). Sir Dudley Carleton's State Letters, during his Embassy at the Hague, AD 1627. now first edited by TP (Thomas Phillipps.). Typis Medio-Montanis, impressit C. Gilmour.</ref>
  
Lady Markland also has a couple hereditary Manorial Lordship rights under the laws of the United Kingdom in compliance with the [[Honours (Prevention of Abuses) Act of 1925]] and the [[Land Registration Act 2002]]. Manorial rights and interests, or “overriding interests” as they are sometimes known, include sporting and mineral rights or even the right to hold a fair or market on the land. These are, of course, rights that exist over land owned by third parties (the successors in title to the former copyhold tenants and the allottees on inclosure) and which therefore lie beyond the current boundaries of the estate’s surface ownership. Until recently a Lord or Lady of the Manor could rest easy in the knowledge that, even if they were uncertain or unaware of such rights, these rights were nevertheless protected by the law of the land as an overriding interest. Some Manorial Lordships retain some of their feudal rights such as fishing or hunting rights, the right to market, mineral rights, etc.
+
===Manorial Lordships===
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Lady Markland also has a couple hereditary [[Lord of the Manor|Manorial Lordship]] rights under the laws of the United Kingdom in compliance with the [[Honours (Prevention of Abuses) Act of 1925]] and the [[Land Registration Act 2002]]. Manorial rights and interests, or “overriding interests” as they are sometimes known, include sporting and mineral rights or even the right to hold a fair or market on the land. These are, of course, rights that exist over land owned by third parties (the successors in title to the former copyhold tenants and the allottees on inclosure) and which therefore lie beyond the current boundaries of the estate’s surface ownership. Until recently a Lord or Lady of the Manor could rest easy in the knowledge that, even if they were uncertain or unaware of such rights, these rights were nevertheless protected by the law of the land as an overriding interest. Some Manorial Lordships retain some of their feudal rights such as fishing or hunting rights, the right to market, mineral rights, etc.
  
=Royal Orders of Knighthood=
+
===Orders of Knighthood===
Lady markland has been honored with numerous Knighthoods over the years. She takes the code of chivalry serious and strives to make her life worthy of such honors. She is a firm believer that a Dame or a Knight should have military and/or some type of martial training and she has both. Historically; however, Orders of Knighthood were also formed by the Nobility and/or groups of Knights so an order does not have to have a Royal Fons Honorum to be valid. There were Baronial Orders, Confraternal Orders, Fraternal Orders, and even Honorific Pseudo-Orders.<ref>Boulton, D'Arcy Jonathan Dacre: The knights of the crown : the monarchical orders of knighthood in later medieval Europe, 1325-1520. Woodbridge, Suffolk : Boydell Press, 1987. Second revised edition (paperback): Woodbridge, Suffolk and Rochester, NY : Boydell Press, 2000.</ref><ref>Kruse, H., Paravicini, W., & Ranft, A. (Eds.). (1991). Ritterorden und Adelsgesellschaften im spätmittelalterlichen Deutschland: ein systematisches Verzeichnis (Vol. 1). Peter Lang Publishing.</ref> All of these have existed at some point in history.<ref>D'Arcy Jonathan Dacre Boulton. (1987). The knights of the crown: the monarchical orders of knighthood in later medieval Europe, 1325-1520. Boydell & Brewer Incorporated.</ref>  
+
Lady markland has been honored with numerous [[Order of Knighthood|Knighthoods]] over the years from all over the world. She takes the code of chivalry serious and strives to make her life worthy of such honors. She is a firm believer that a Dame or a Knight should have military and/or some type of martial training and she has both. Historically; however, Orders of Knighthood were also formed by the Nobility and/or groups of Knights so an order does not have to have a Royal Fons Honorum to be valid. There were Baronial Orders, Confraternal Orders, Fraternal Orders, and even Honorific Pseudo-Orders.<ref>Boulton, D'Arcy Jonathan Dacre: The knights of the crown : the monarchical orders of knighthood in later medieval Europe, 1325-1520. Woodbridge, Suffolk : Boydell Press, 1987. Second revised edition (paperback): Woodbridge, Suffolk and Rochester, NY : Boydell Press, 2000.</ref><ref>Kruse, H., Paravicini, W., & Ranft, A. (Eds.). (1991). Ritterorden und Adelsgesellschaften im spätmittelalterlichen Deutschland: ein systematisches Verzeichnis (Vol. 1). Peter Lang Publishing.</ref> All of these have existed at some point in history.<ref>D'Arcy Jonathan Dacre Boulton. (1987). The knights of the crown: the monarchical orders of knighthood in later medieval Europe, 1325-1520. Boydell & Brewer Incorporated.</ref>  
  
This notion that an Order of Chivalry has to be headed by a Royal Fons Honorum seems to selectively ignore history and be an entirely modern concept entirely. For example, a Confraternal Order is one with a presidency attached to a nobleman - any rank of nobleman; and there is no Royal Fons Honorum. Confraternal Orders of Knighthood have existed since the 14th century thus technically a group of knights are within their right as legitimately ordained knights in forming an Order of Chivalry for whatever reason they desire. Two such orders were Ordre de la Pomme d'Or, founded by 14 knights in Auvergne in 1394 and the Alliance et Compagnie du Levrier, founded by 44 knights in the Barrois in 1416.<ref>Bossuat, A. (1944). Un ordre de chevalerie auvergnat: l’ordre de la Pomme d’Or. Bidle/in bistoriqia it stienti/iqm dt I'Aupergite, Uiv (1944), 83-98; H. Morel,'Unc associa, 523-4.</ref> So, who says knights or nobles cannot form their own orders? Some random website? This process has happened multiple times throughout history where Knights or Nobility create their own Orders of Knighthood
+
This notion that an [[Order of Knighthood|Order of Chivalry]] has to be headed by a Royal Fons Honorum seems to selectively ignore history and be an entirely modern concept entirely. For example, a Confraternal Order is one with a presidency attached to a nobleman - any rank of nobleman; and there is no Royal Fons Honorum. Confraternal Orders of Knighthood have existed since the 14th century thus technically a group of knights are within their right as legitimately ordained knights in forming an Order of Chivalry for whatever reason they desire. Two such orders were Ordre de la Pomme d'Or, founded by 14 knights in Auvergne in 1394 and the Alliance et Compagnie du Levrier, founded by 44 knights in the Barrois in 1416.<ref>Bossuat, A. (1944). Un ordre de chevalerie auvergnat: l’ordre de la Pomme d’Or. Bidle/in bistoriqia it stienti/iqm dt I'Aupergite, Uiv (1944), 83-98; H. Morel,'Unc associa, 523-4.</ref> This process has happened multiple times throughout history where Knights or Nobility create their own [[Order of Knighthood|Orders of Knighthood]]
  
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===Academic Honours===
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Lady Markland is a member of 20 honour and high IQ societies from all over the world as well as being a member of numerous organizations such as the World Society of Victimology, the International Association of Medical Examiners and Coroners, and the Samuel Blythe Society. She also has membership in various hereditary societies and manages [[The de Clare Society]] for those who are descended from the Medieval [[House de Clare|de Clare family]].
 
=Quotes=
 
=Quotes=
  
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[[Category:De Clare family]]
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[[Category:Noble Women]]
[[Category:Foster family]]
 

Revision as of 02:41, 18 August 2019

Natalie de Clare
4th Countess of Markland, DGK
Imageedit 7 4548954341.jpg
Lady Markland
Hereditary
Grevinde af Markland1975-Present
SonZackery de Clare
PartnerIsabella Krivulka
Issue
Noble familyHouse de Clare
FatherGale Allen Foster
MotherLinda Jean Whiteaker
Born07 November 1975
OccupationEuropean Nobility

Natalie de Clare, 4th Countess of Markland, DGK (Danish: Grevinde af Markland; Romanian: Contesa de Markland; Hungarian: Markland nak Grófnéja: Bulgarian: КАУНТЕС ЪФ МАРКЛЕНД) (07 November 1975 - Present Day), is a present-day noblewoman who spends time in a variety of countries in Europe.[1][2] She has dozens of lineages tracing back to the historic Norman House de Clare that were highly influential England, Ireland, and the Welsh Marches up to the late 14th century.[3][4] Her Irish ancestry traces back to House Bulter and the Earls of Ormond as well as the Princes of Éile and various other Irish Barons. Her last Irish ancestor left the Emerald Isle in 1836 and headed to West Bengal India. She is related to 9 of the 25 Barons who signed the Magna Carta in 1215. Interestingly, like many people in her family, she does not have a middle name.

Armorial Bearings

Alt text
Lady Markland's Armorial Bearings as granted by the South African Bureau of Heraldry (H4/3/4/1018)[5][6][7]
Alt text
Lady Markland's Banner of Arms.

Armorial bearings are also known colloquially as a Coat of Arms. They are the principal part of a system of hereditary symbols dating back to early medieval Europe, used primarily to establish identity in battle.[8][9]They are still used today by royalty, nobility and knights to cover, protect, and identify the wearer; to denote their decedents, property ownership and their profession.[8][9] Armorial Bearings belong to specific individuals not families as there is no such thing as a family Coat of Arms or a family crest. [10][11]

Lady Markland's Armorial Bearings were devised to make use of elements of the Armorial Bearings of her de Clare ancestors, the historical Lordship of Glamorgan and those from the Counts of Perche. Her Armorial Bearings were granted by the South African Bureau of Heraldry and she has petitioned the Chief Herald of Ireland for a confirmation - they are not assumed Armorial Bearings or Burgher Arms.The arms of burghers bore a far wider variety of charges than the arms of nobility like everyday objects such as tools.[5] Lady Markland's Armorial Bearings are registered in a few heraldic rolls, but that is to create a digital record for generations to come.

Education

The Clan MacDuff Crest Badge. Motto: Deus juvat - "God assists". Badge: A lion rampant, holding a dagger in its paw.
Styles of
The Countess of Markland
Lady Marklands Sheild.jpg
Lady Markland's Shield
Reference styleThe Countess of Markland
Spoken styleLady Markland
Alternative styleMy Lady

Natalie de Clare graduated with an Associate of Arts degree in general studies, an Associate of Arts degree in psychology, a Bachelor of Arts degree in criminal justice, a Bachelor of Arts degree and sociology, and a Master of Arts degree in criminal justice.[1]Her current research interests includes: social norms and informal social control mechanisms; violence and violent death; and behavioral neuroscience[1][2]

During her time in the United States she was a commissioned Notary Public for the State of Washington, the State of Missouri, the State of Idaho, and the State of Oregon.[12][13] She has earned various college certificates in paralegal studies, military leadership, joint warfare, intelligence analysis, terrorism studies, homeland security, European history, and she is an ordained Minister through a non-denominational church in Seattle, Washington. She enjoys working anonymously in a variety of healthcare settings. She also loves to play the Celtic Harp.

Spelling Variations

The Markland Region of the Principality of Transylvania bordering the Kingdom of Hungary.
Cliffs in the Markland Region of the Principality of Transylvania near the border of the Kingdom of Hungary.

The surname Clare was first found in Suffolk where Richard Fitz Gilbert, 1st Baron of Clare (1030-1091) held no less than ninety-five lordships in Suffolk, all attached to his chief lordship of Clare in the same county. To this family we owe the name of an English town, an Irish county, royal dukedoms (such as Clarence), Clare College, Clare Castle, Clare Bridge, Caerphilly Castle countless de Clare Priories, and various other villages, buildings, and momuments in Wales, Ireland and England respectively. Prior to the advent standardized dictionaries and the printing press the English language was fraught with surname variations of the same families. Sound was what guided spelling in the Middle Ages, so one person's name was often recorded under several variations during a single lifetime. Spelling variations were common, even among the names of the most literate people. Known variations of the de Clare family name include Clair, Clare, Clere, O'Clear, O'Clair and others.

Family Ancestory

Lady Markland's family ancestry is a long and interesting tale and virtually all of her ancestors can all be traced back to the Danes from around the 8th century C.E. with one exception tracing to Rognvald Eysteinsson, Jarl of More in Norway during the 9th century. Her English ancestors came from the Duchy of Normandy during the conquest of England in 1066. A couple centuries thereafter some of her Norman Ancestors went to Ireland in the late 12th century and stayed for hundreds of years thus, allowing her to petition to have her Armorial Bearings confirmed by the Chief Herald of Ireland in 2017. Lady Markland's genealogical proofs show that she has only one noble lineage that procreated with the Irish inhabitants in the O'Carroll and Kavanaugh lines thus, making her a Cianachta member under the O'Carroll of Éile O'Carroll lineage. This lineage was recognized by the Irish Government on 02 July 2015 as well as the Cianachta Irish Clan on 04 January 2016. The The use or acceptance of titles of nobility in Ireland specifically requires the government's approval pursuant to Article 40.2.2 [14] In Scotland her ancestry goes back to Clan MacDuff upon the marriage of Joan de Clare (1264-1322) to Duncan MacDuff III, 11th Earl of Fife (1262-1288).

Hohenzollern Princes

Through another lineage she is related the Brandenburg Hohenzollern Princes, who ruled the Margraviate of Brandenburg, through the marriage of her 4th great-grandmother Margaret Brandenburg (1836-1920) to John Lewis Frank (1827-1905). This lineage also traces back to Denmark through the marriage of Frederick Wilhelm Brandenburg, Grand Elector of Brandenburg (1620-1688) and Sophia Dorothea Schleswig-Holstein-Glücksburg, Duchess of Brunswick-Lüneburg (1636-1689). Family histories are packed with intrigue, conspiracy, scandal and secrets waiting to be discovered and many of Lady Markland's lineages are fraught with these - as in the curious state of the Brandenburg lineage.

Biological Family

Lady Markland is the sixth child of ten children. Her surname is the surname listed on her birth certificate and was given in honor of her de Clare ancestry from Ireland and England. [1][2][15] Ethnically she is Danish and English with the vast majority of all her lineages tracing back to Denmark (including her English ancestors).[1][2] She has one son, Zackery de Clare born 14 December 2004 and one daughter, Cerrina de Clare born 12 August 1999.[1] Her biological father died in 2013 and her mother retired to the state of Washington in the United States.[16] Intriguingly, the paternal Whiteaker line on her maternal side has a history of nobility and knights stretching back to Richard de Whitacre (1300-1380), who was a medieval knight and the Lord of the Manors of Nether Whitacre, Over Whitacre, Elmdon, and Freasley.

Adopted Family

Interestingly, she was legally adopted by H.H. Gyula IV, Erdély Nagy Hercege, Őrgróf Kárpátia és Tyrol, Pátriárkája Magyarország és Czernowitz (1945-2016) who is recognized by Hungarian and Austrian nobility, and various other Royal Houses, as one of the Royal lines from this Dacian region including the Imperial Rurikovich Family, the House of Savoy, and the the House of Bourbon. In theory there are about 5 different current or former Royal Families who could authorize titles in the general region of what was the Kingdom of Dacia all of which obviously compete with each other's claims.

Titles and Honours

Her adopted father granted her the title of 4th Countess of Markland by Letters Patent. Even though her adopted family is an old Royal Family she is not Royalty, but High Eastern European Nobility. Her title is one that dates back to before the Treaty of Versailles in late 18th century crown lands of the Habsburg Monarchy in what is now Modern day Romania before the formation of the Kingdom of Romania on 13 March 1881.[17] It is a title issued under the Grand Principality of Transylvania which was a realm of the Hungarian Crown, ruled by the Habsburg Monarchs of the Kingdom of Hungary. In the 19th century, Markland in Transylvania was the borderland between the Principality of Transylvania and the Kingdom of Hungary.[18] More specifically, it was the neutral/buffer zone under joint control of the Kingdom of Hungary and the Principality of Transylvania respectively, in which different laws applied.[18] Marklands served a political purpose, such as providing warning of military incursions, and regulating cross-border trade, immigration, and keeping local villages safe from marauders. There was generally a small detachment of the Transylvanian army stationed here. It was more like a military occupied check-point. During the first issuance of Markland under the Principality of Transylvania in the early 17th century, Dudley Carleton, 1st Viscount Dorchester (1573-1632) recorded that when he passed through Markland there was thousands of troops assembled by the Transylvanian princes.[19]

Manorial Lordships

Lady Markland also has a couple hereditary Manorial Lordship rights under the laws of the United Kingdom in compliance with the Honours (Prevention of Abuses) Act of 1925 and the Land Registration Act 2002. Manorial rights and interests, or “overriding interests” as they are sometimes known, include sporting and mineral rights or even the right to hold a fair or market on the land. These are, of course, rights that exist over land owned by third parties (the successors in title to the former copyhold tenants and the allottees on inclosure) and which therefore lie beyond the current boundaries of the estate’s surface ownership. Until recently a Lord or Lady of the Manor could rest easy in the knowledge that, even if they were uncertain or unaware of such rights, these rights were nevertheless protected by the law of the land as an overriding interest. Some Manorial Lordships retain some of their feudal rights such as fishing or hunting rights, the right to market, mineral rights, etc.

Orders of Knighthood

Lady markland has been honored with numerous Knighthoods over the years from all over the world. She takes the code of chivalry serious and strives to make her life worthy of such honors. She is a firm believer that a Dame or a Knight should have military and/or some type of martial training and she has both. Historically; however, Orders of Knighthood were also formed by the Nobility and/or groups of Knights so an order does not have to have a Royal Fons Honorum to be valid. There were Baronial Orders, Confraternal Orders, Fraternal Orders, and even Honorific Pseudo-Orders.[20][21] All of these have existed at some point in history.[22]

This notion that an Order of Chivalry has to be headed by a Royal Fons Honorum seems to selectively ignore history and be an entirely modern concept entirely. For example, a Confraternal Order is one with a presidency attached to a nobleman - any rank of nobleman; and there is no Royal Fons Honorum. Confraternal Orders of Knighthood have existed since the 14th century thus technically a group of knights are within their right as legitimately ordained knights in forming an Order of Chivalry for whatever reason they desire. Two such orders were Ordre de la Pomme d'Or, founded by 14 knights in Auvergne in 1394 and the Alliance et Compagnie du Levrier, founded by 44 knights in the Barrois in 1416.[23] This process has happened multiple times throughout history where Knights or Nobility create their own Orders of Knighthood

Academic Honours

Lady Markland is a member of 20 honour and high IQ societies from all over the world as well as being a member of numerous organizations such as the World Society of Victimology, the International Association of Medical Examiners and Coroners, and the Samuel Blythe Society. She also has membership in various hereditary societies and manages The de Clare Society for those who are descended from the Medieval de Clare family.

Quotes

"It seems the world is fraught with the disease of republicanism." (2015)

"The curse of my birth condition haunts me like death; hovering over me, reminding me, and never letting me forget the prison cell I escaped from called my life." (2013)

"Failing to learn social graces really makes you no better than the thug trolloping about the ghetto." (2015)

"I think people need to spend more time on improving who they are as human beings rather than seeking out relationships. Self-improvement last forever, relationships not so much." (2014)

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 De Clare, N. (2017). A day in the life of me: A transsexual woman's struggle to be herself. College Station, TX: Virtual Book Worm. ISBN 978-0-692-28382-0
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Official Website of the Countess of Markland (2017). About me. Retrieved from: http://www.grevindeafmarkland.dk
  3. Richardson, D. (2011). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families (2nd ed.). Seattle, WA: Createspace. ISBN: 9781461045205.
  4. Altschul, A. (2004). A Baronial Family in Medieval England: The Clares, 1217–1314. Baltimore, MA: The Johns Hopkins Press. ISBN 978-0-404-61349-5
  5. 5.0 5.1 South Africa National Gazette. Government Notice No. 691, National Gazettes, No. 40058. Retrieved from: https://www.greengazette.co.za/notices/heraldry-act-18-1962-application-for-registration-of-heraldic-representations-and-objections-thereto_20160610-GGN-40058-00691-01.pdf
  6. South Africa National Gazette. No. 40610, Vol. 620. Retrieved from: https://www.greengazette.co.za/notices/heraldry-act-18-1962-registration-of-heraldic-representations_20170210-GGN-40610-00106-02
  7. Societas Heraldica Scandinavia. Natalie de Clare. Retrieved from:http://heraldik.org/vabenrulle/de-clare/
  8. 8.0 8.1 Woodcock, T., & Robinson, J. M. (1988). The Oxford guide to heraldry (Vol. 116). Oxford University Press.
  9. 9.0 9.1 Fox-Davies, A. C. (2007). A complete guide to heraldry. Skyhorse Publishing Inc.
  10. College of Arms (2015) The United Kingdom College of Arms. Retrieved from http://www.college-of-arms.gov.uk/
  11. The Court of the Lord Lyon of Scotland (2015). About Coats of Arms. Retrieved from http://www.lyon-court.com/lordlyon/216.181.html
  12. Department of Licensing. State of Washington. Retrived from: https://fortress.wa.gov/dol/dolprod/bpdLicenseQuery/lqsLicenseDetail.aspx?RefID=256785
  13. Secretary of State. State of Idaho. Retrieved from: http://www.sos.idaho.gov/NotarySearch/CurrentDetails.aspx?st=Notary&ncn=67097
  14. "Constitution of Ireland Article 40.2.2" (PDF). Government of Ireland. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 23 August 2008.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. New York Times (2015). Natalie de Clare. New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/interactive/projects/storywall/transgender-today/stories/natalie-de-clare
  16. Ancestry.com. U.S., Social Security Death Index, 1935-2014 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations Inc, 2011. Original data: Social Security Administration. Social Security Death Index, Master File. Social Security Administration.
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